Shanghai and Globalization

This course examines Shanghai as a critical site of globalization. It does so by exploring the city's role in 4 interlocking spheres:

1)as a magnet for migration within China. Historically Shanghai was a city of sojourners. Today it is at the center of the most rapid and intense process of urbanization the world has ever seen. What effects does this influx of people have on the city? And what role can these migrants – many of them poor – play within the larger processes of globalization?

2)as an important zone of economic opportunity within the larger Chinese world. The rise of Shanghai is inconceivable without the global business networks of Taiwanese, Hong Kong and Chinese American entrepreneurs. What role does the Chinese diaspora play in the development of the mainland? How does this ethnic web of commercial activity challenge traditional notions about the workings of global capitalism?

3)as a trading partner and model of development for India. From the popularity of Korean pop stars to the success of Indian software engineers Shanghai is heavily influenced by its place within Asia. In light of their vast population and growing economic strength, how is the concurrent rise and interrelations between Asia's giant neighbors shaping contemporary globalization?

4)as a city at the forefront of cosmopolitan culture. Shanghai sees itself as a city of the future. This perceived destiny is deeply influenced by history. Can Shanghai reanimate the cosmopolitanism of its past? Will its attempts to foster a culture of creativity succeed? Can it, as cities like New York or London have done before, produce an 'urban golden age' that is vibrant and innovative enough to influence the rest of the world. In exploring each of these spheres the course focuses on concrete aspects of the city (e.g. the abandoned factories now revived as creative clusters, the software park in the suburbs filled with Indian outsourcing companies, the entrepreneurial activity of the migrant street peddlers who hawk everything from noodles and steam buns to pirated DVDs ).

Each of these phenomena will be approached theoretically. In this way the course will explore ideas about innovation and the city, the role of the state in economic reforms, the concept of diasporic capitalism, and the possibilities for entrepreneurship and creativity amongst the poor. Rather than view globalization as a force acting on Shanghai, this course aims instead to show how an investigation of the distinctive features of Shanghai sheds light on both the past and future of globalizaton.

Readings The following readings are included in a supplementary section at the back of the course reader. These may be used for term papers and/or for the group research projects.

Alan Balfour and Zheng Shiling, World City: Shanghai, World Cities Series. (Excerpts).
Jane Jacobs, “The Kind of Problem a City Is” in The Death and Life of Great American Cities.
Yasheng Huang, “The Problem with Shanghai” in Capitalism with Chinese Characteristics.
Wu Weiping. "State Policies, Enterprise Dynamism, and Innovation System in Shanghai, China," Growth and Change 38, 4 (December 2007).
Wu Weiping, “Cultural Strategies and Place Making in Shanghai: Regenerating a Cosmopolitan Culture in an Era of Globalization," Progress in Planning, 61, 3 (2004).
Anne Stevenson-Yang and Ken DeWoskin, “China Destroys the IP Paradigm,”Far Eastern Economic Review (March 2005).
Jeffrey Wasserstrom, “A Micky Mouse Approach to Globalization,” Yale Global, 16 June 2003.
Jeffrey Wasserstrom, “Conclusion” in Global Shanghai, 1850-2010.

1: Introduction Jane Jacobs, “Chapter 2,” The Economy of Cities. Richard Florida, “The World is Spiky,” The Atlantic Monthly, Oct 2005. Peter Hall, Cities and Civilization, (Excerpts).

2: Back to the Future Marie-Claire Bergere, “Shanghai's Urban Development: A Remake? in Shanghai: Architecture and Urbanism for Modern China. Ackbar Abbas, “Cosmopolitan Descriptions: Shanghai and Hong Kong” in Creative Industries. Jeff Wasserstrom, “Introduction” in Global Shanghai, 1850-2010.

3: Haipai and Cosmopolitanism Lynn Pan, “Prologue” and “Origins of an Urban Style” in Shanghai Style: Art and Design Between the Wars. Kwame Anthony Appiah, “The Case for Contamination” New York Times, January 1 2006. Leo Ou-fan Lee, “Remapping Shanghai” in Shanghai Modern: The Flowering of a New Urban Culture in China, 1930-1945. Hanchao Lu, “Conclusion” in Beyond Neon Lights: Everyday Shanghai in the Early Twentieth Century.

4: Trade between Asia's Giant Neighbors Anna Greenspan, “The Great Reverse Part 3,” Yale Global, September 8, 2004. Amartya Sen, “Passage to China,” The New York Review of Books, December 2, 2004. Anna Greenspan, “China's Hardware, India's Software,” Asia Times Online, February 8 2006.

5: The China Model vs. The India Model Yasheng Huang, “Can India Overtake China?” in Foreign Policy, July-August 2003. Fareed Zakaria, Future of Freedom, (Excerpts).

6: Shanghai and The Chinese Diaspora Constance Lever-Tracy, David Fu-Keung Ip, and Noel Tracy, The Chinese Diaspora and Mainland China: An Emerging Economic Synergy, (Excerpts). Joel Kotkin, “Introduction” and “The Spaceman have Landed” in Tribes: How Race, Religion and Identity Determine Success in the New Global Economy.

7: Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taiwan Yasheng Huang, “Just How Capitalist is Chin a?” MIT Sloane Research Paper. Tse-Kang Leng, “Globalizing and IT Talent Flows: The Taipei/Shanghai/Silicon Valley Triangle,” Asian Survey (March/April 2002).

8: Shanghai in China: A City of Migrants Frederick Wakeman Jr. and Wen Hsin Yeh, “Introduction” in Shanghai Sojourners. Hanchao Lu, “In Search of an Urban Identity” in Beyond Neon Lights: Everyday Shanghai in the Early Twentieth Century. William McNeill, “Cities and their Consequences,” The American Interest, Vol 2 No 4 (March/April 2007).

9: Entrepreneurship and the Poor C.K. Prahalad and Allan Hammond, “What Works: Serving the Poor Profitably,” World Resources Institute. Christensen, Craig and Hall, “The Great Disruption” in Foreign Affairs. March/April 2001. Joseph Shumpeter, “The Process of Creative Destruction” in Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy.

10: Planning the Future Seng Kuan, “Images of the Metropolis: Three Historical Views of Shanghai,” in Shanghai: Architecture and Urbanism for Modern China. Kerrie Macpherson, "The Head of the Dragon: The Pudong New Area and Shanghai's Urban Development," Planning Perspectives, Vol. 9, No.1 (Jan). Kerrie Macpherson, "Designing China's Urban Future: The Greater Shanghai Plan 1927-37," Planning Perspectives, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jan). Olds, K, “Globalizing Shanghai: the ‘global intelligence corps' and the building of Pudong,” Cities, 14 (2), 1997.

11: Can the Future be Programmed? Shahid Yusuf and Weiping Wu, "Pathways to a World City: Shanghai Rising in an Era of Globalization," Urban Studies 39, 7 (June 2002). Manuel Delanda, “The Nonlinear Developm ent of Cities” in Eco-Tec. Architectures of the In Between. ed. Amerigo Marras. Jane Jacobs, “Drift” in Cities and the Wealth of Nations.